Mitochondrial Complex I Disruption Causes Broad Reorchestration of Plant Lipidome Including Chloroplast Lipids.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Mitochondrial Complex I Disruption Causes Broad Reorchestration of Plant Lipidome Including Chloroplast Lipids.
Authors: Domergue, Jean-Baptiste, Bocca, Cinzia, De Paepe, Rosine, Lenaers, Guy, Limami, Anis M., Tcherkez, Guillaume
Source: International Journal of Molecular Sciences; Jan2023, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p453, 17p
Subject Terms: PLANT mitochondria, HOMEOSTASIS, MITOCHONDRIA, LIPIDS, PLANT metabolism, CELL metabolism, LIPID synthesis, NAD (Coenzyme), PHOSPHOLIPIDS
Abstract: Mitochondrial complex I (CI) plays a crucial role in oxidising NADH generated by the metabolism (including photorespiration) and thereby participates in the mitochondrial electron transfer chain feeding oxidative phosphorylation that generates ATP. However, CI mutations are not lethal in plants and cause moderate phenotypes, and therefore CI mutants are instrumental to examine consequences of mitochondrial homeostasis disturbance on plant cell metabolisms and signalling. To date, the consequences of CI disruption on the lipidome have not been examined. Yet, in principle, mitochondrial dysfunction should impact on lipid synthesis through chloroplasts (via changes in photorespiration, redox homeostasis, and N metabolism) and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) (via perturbed mitochondrion–ER crosstalk). Here, we took advantage of lipidomics technology (by LC-MS), phospholipid quantitation by 31P-NMR, and total lipid quantitation to assess the impact of CI disruption on leaf, pollen, and seed lipids using three well-characterised CI mutants: CMSII in N. sylvestris and both ndufs4 and ndufs8 in Arabidopsis. Our results show multiple changes in cellular lipids, including galactolipids (chloroplastic), sphingolipids, and ceramides (synthesised by ER), suggesting that mitochondrial homeostasis is essential for the regulation of whole cellular lipidome via specific signalling pathways. In particular, the observed modifications in phospholipid and sphingolipid/ceramide molecular species suggest that CI activity controls phosphatidic acid-mediated signalling. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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Database: Complementary Index
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